President Donald Trump’s Executive Order 13826 establishing the Federal Interagency Council on Crime Prevention and Improving Reentry sets forth the federal government’s role to assist in breaking the cycle of crime and asserts that, while incarceration is necessary to improve public safety, its effectiveness can be enhanced through evidence-based rehabilitation programs. These efforts will lower recidivism rates, ease incarcerated individuals’ reentry into the community, reduce future incarceration costs, and promote positive social and economic outcomes.
This page highlights the importance of using practices and programs with research evidence supporting their effectiveness with adult and juvenile justice-involved populations and features practices and programs across a range of areas focused on crime prevention and improved reentry. The page also includes details on and links to online federal repositories of related evidence-based and promising practices.
The National Institute of Justice’s CrimeSolutions.gov houses a clearinghouse of programs and practices, organized by a range of topics, that have undergone rigorous evaluations and meta-analyses. The site assesses the strength of the evidence about whether these programs achieve criminal justice, juvenile justice, and crime victim services outcomes in order to inform practitioners and policy makers about what works, what does not work, and what is promising.
U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Corrections (2017)
“What Is the evidence? Evidence-based policy and practice is focused on reducing offender risk, which in turn reduces new crime and improves public safety. Of the many available approaches to criminal justice supervision, a few core principles stand out as proven risk reduction strategies. Though not all of the principles are supported by the same weight of evidence, each has been proven to influence positive behavior change.
The U.S. Courts’ Federal Probation Journal, published each June, September, and December, presents current thought, research, and practice in corrections, community supervision, and criminal justice. The journal archives the evidence-based practices within each issue.