The SIM details how individuals with mental and substance use disorders come into contact with and move through the criminal justice system. The model helps communities identify resources and gaps in services at each intercept and develop local strategic action plans. The SIM mapping process brings together leaders and different agencies and systems to work together to identify strategies to divert people with mental and substance use disorders away from the justice system into treatment.
Highlighted Programs and Practices
This focused deterrence strategy was implemented in New Orleans, Louisiana, aims to reduce gang violence and homicide. The program showed statistically significant reductions in overall homicide, firearm-related homicide, gang member-involved homicide, and firearm assault and New Orleans showed significantly decreased homicide rates after the program was implemented, compared with 14 cities with similar violent crime rates.
In general family-based treatment practices consist of a wide range of interventions that are designed to change dysfunctional family patterns that contribute to the onset and maintenance of adolescent delinquency and other problem behaviors. This practice is rated Effective for reducing recidivism, and Promising for reducing antisocial behavior and substance use, and improving psychological functioning and school performance.
Drug courts are specialized court docket programs that target criminal defendants and offenders, juvenile offenders, and parents with pending child welfare cases who have alcohol and other drug dependency problems. Although drug courts vary in target populations and resources, programs are generally managed by a multidisciplinary team including judges, prosecutors, defense attorneys, community corrections officers, social workers, and treatment service professionals.
Police-initiated diversion programs are pre-court interventions or strategies that police can apply as an alternative to court processing or the imposition of formal charges in situations involving minor delinquent behavior among low-risk youth. Researchers found that police-led diversion interventions led to a statistically significant reduction in future delinquent behavior of low-risk youth, compared with youth processed traditionally.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Service, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration – SAMHSA (2019)
Rural communities face unique challenges in implementing existing crisis response and pre-arrest diversion models for people with mental and substance use disorders. Across the county, rural communities have adapted crisis response and pre-arrest diversion strategies to address their unique challenges and meet the need for services in their jurisdictions.
CBCR is a comprehensive strategy developed to assist neighborhoods in addressing crime and improve community safety. It is place-based and has four pillars that distinguish it from other similar data-driven, multi-agency, problemsolving collaborative programs, including the using evidence-based programs that address specific problems, involving residents in planning and implementing crime prevention measures, incorporating a community revitalization component in project goals; and including multi-agency partnerships across government and non-government sectors.