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Legal

Resources for Crime Prevention and Improved Reentry
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Featured Resources

National Inventory of Collateral Consequences of Conviction (NICCC)

U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance

The NICCC is an online searchable database that identifies and categorizes the statutes and regulations that impose collateral consequences in all 50 states, the federal system, and the District of Columbia, U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico.

Clean Slate Clearinghouse

U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance

The Clean Slate Clearinghouse provides people with criminal records, legal service providers, and state policymakers with information on juvenile and adult criminal record clearance policies in all U.S. states and territories.

Highlighted Resources



Collateral Consequences of Criminal Convictions: Judicial Bench Book

U.S. Department of Justice and American Bar Association (2017)

Collateral consequences are legal disabilities imposed by law that result from a criminal conviction. The laws that spawn these collateral consequences are known to adversely affect adoptions, housing, welfare, immigration, employment, professional licensure, property rights, mobility, and other opportunities open to others. This report examines the National Inventory of Collateral Consequences of Crime (NICCC), a tool to enable responsible prosecutors, defense counsel, and judges to be aware of the collateral consequences of criminal convictions and to consider whether conviction for particular offenses results in unfair or unintended consequences and whether there are dispositions that would avoid such consequences.

 

Office of General Counsel Guidance on Application of Fair Housing Act Standards to the Use of Criminal Records by Providers of Housing and Real Estate-Related Transactions

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (2016)

The Fair Housing Act (or Act) prohibits discrimination in the sale, rental, or financing of dwellings and in other housing-related activities on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, disability, familial status or national origin. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (HUD’s) Office of General Counsel issued this guidance concerning how the Fair Housing Act applies to the use of criminal history by providers or operators of housing and real estate-related transactions. Specifically, this guidance addresses how the discriminatory effects and disparate treatment methods of proof apply in Fair Housing Act cases in which a housing provider justifies an adverse housing action – such as a refusal to rent or renew a lease – based on an individual’s criminal history.

 

Collateral Consequences of a Criminal Conviction: Impact on Corrections and Reentry

U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice (2016)

After reviewing the nature and impact of collateral consequences of a criminal conviction in relation to reentry and rehabilitation, this article provides information on the National Inventory of the Collateral Consequences of Conviction (NICCC), with attention to how it can be used in guiding case processing.

 

What You Should Know: The EEOC and Arrest and Conviction Records

U.S. Equal Opportunity Employment Commission (2012)

The Enforcement Guidance on the Consideration of Arrest and Conviction Records in Employment Decisions Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, updates, consolidates, and supersedes the Commission's 1987 and 1990 policy statements on this issue, as well as the relevant discussion in the Equal Employment Opportunity Center’s (EEOC’s) Race and Color Discrimination Compliance Manual Chapter. The Guidance is designed to be a resource for employers, employment agencies, and unions covered by Title VII; for applicants and employees; and for EEOC enforcement staff.

 

Criminal Records & Your Job Rights

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (2016)

This [email protected] fact sheet discusses how federal law prohibits employers from treating people with criminal records differently based on their race or national origin. It also prohibits overly broad criminal history policies that disproportionately (more often) exclude people of a particular race or national origin, and do not accurately predict who will be a responsible, reliable, or safe employee.